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  • Respiratory diseases

According to a report by the World Health Organisation (WHO), the deaths due to lung diseases in India were on the rise accounting for 11 per cent of the total deaths. As many as 142.09 in every one lakh, died of one form of lung disease or the other giving India the dubious distinction of ranking first in lung disease deaths in the world. Respiratory diseases like asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), Interstitial Lung Disease (ILD), pneumonia, tuberculosis (TB) are emerging as major health problems in the region.

Common respiratory diseases

Bronchiectasis is a chronic condition in which the walls of the bronchial tubes are enlarged and permanently damaged. The thickened and damaged air passage due to inflammation allows mucus & bacteria to develop in the lungs. Eventually, the air passage gets infected & blocked.

People who suffer from bronchiectasis will have periodic episodes of bad health characterised by temporary exacerbations; the period when breathing becomes difficult and lung health deteriorates. The disease is generally not curable. However, it can be treated and controlled so that the oxygen supply to the body is not cut off during an acute attack.

The severity of bronchiectasis in a patient may increase over a few weeks, whereas in some cases, the symptoms may quickly worsen in a matter of few days.

What causes Bronchiectasis?

There are a number of causes for bronchiectasis; however, cystic fibrosis is one of the leading reasons for the disease. The infection in the lungs is the most common characteristic of bronchiectasis that includes infections due to bacteria (such as tuberculosis or staph) and viruses (like flu).

The other causes of bronchiectasis include:

Bronchiectasis Causes - Cystic Fibrosis

Cystic fibrosis
Bronchiectasis Causes - Weak Immune System

Weak immune system
Bronchiectasis Causes - Inhalation of certain objects

Inhalation of certain objects
Bronchiectasis Causes - Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease

Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)
Causes of Bronchiectasis - Gastric Reflux

Gastric reflux
Causes of Bronchiectasis - Severe Lung Infection During Childhood

Severe lung infection during childhood
Causes of Bronchiectasis - Inherited Genetic Conditions

Inherited genetic conditions
Causes of Bronchiectasis - Severe Allergy to Fungus

Severe allergy to fungus

What are the symptoms of Bronchiectasis?

Breathing Difficulty

Difficulty in breathing & wheezing


Feeling of tiredness

Inablity to concentrate

Inability to

Mucus Builds

Mucus builds up
in the airway

Lungs Infection

Lungs infection,
Chest pain

Other Symptoms of Bronchiectasis:

Chronic coughing  |  Wheezing sounds in the chest while breathing  |  Skin becoming pale and blue 
Thickening of the skin under the nails & toes  |  Coughing up blood  |  Weight loss  |  Bad breath

How is Bronchiectasis diagnosed?

The diagnosis of bronchiectasis begins by listening to lungs for any abnormal sound or signs of airway blockage. The blood sample of the suspected patient is also tested for possible causes. The other tests may include:
Pulmonary function tests
Pulmonary function testing
Purified protein derivative (PPD)
Chest x-ray
Blood tests
Computed Tomography (CT)

How is Bronchiectasis diagnosed?

The diagnosis of bronchiectasis begins by listening to lungs for any abnormal sound or signs of airway blockage. The blood sample of the suspected patient is also tested for possible causes. The other tests may include:
Pulmonary function test
Pulmonary function tests
Sputum tests
Sputum tests
Purified Protein Derivative
Purified protein derivative (PPD)
Chest X - Ray
Chest x-ray
Blood tests
Blood Test
Computerised Tomography
Computed tomography (CT)

How the Bronchiectasis is treated?

There are no permanent cures for bronchiectasis. However, the condition and symptoms can be managed and mitigated with the help of the right treatment. The infections & bronchial secretions (of mucus) can be brought under control. The obstructions in the airway to lungs can be prevented to prevent lung damage.

Some of the treatment methods for bronchiectasis include:

  • Oxygen therapy
  • Antibiotics for infections
  • Medications to supress and thin mucus
  • Using bronchodilators to open up airways
  • Expectorants to help cough out mucus
  • Surgery in case of bleeding in the lung
  • Draining of bronchial secretions on a daily basis
  • Antibody replacement in case of low antibody levels
  • Chest wall oscillation vest to rid mucus of the bronchial tubes
  • Respiratory therapist to help in learning techniques of coughing out excess mucus

How can Philips Healthcare@home help you?

Patients with respiratory disorders may have to visit hospitals regularly and may also need long term oxygen or ventilation therapy.

Hear from our patients

Baby Anna
“We started using Philips trilogy machine which helped improve her condition, breathing became more regular and she was more comfortable at night especially with a tracheostomy tube. Ultimately within 8-9 months she got rid of tracheostomy tube also”

Baby Anna
S K Papneja

“I recovered well after taking respiratory therapist session from Philips. I have been doing regular exercises suggested by Philips RT and now I don’t feel breathing issues even when I walk up to 1 km.”


S K Papneja

Mrs. Vijay Laxmi

“Philips RT suggested new respiratory techniques and monitored my progress. I am improving and very happy with Philips Healthcare@home service. I can clearly see the improvement. Doctors have noticed tremendous progress in my mental abilities and communicative skills.”


Mrs. Vijay Laxmi

Mr. Shivpal
“When the Philips Healthcare@home team visits my home, first they check my health condition, they check the records from the device that I have used - how much did I use it, how did I use it, what are the problems I am facing, what are the remedies etc.”

Mr. Shivpal

Know more from our resources

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Improving COPD management

Health care at home

World COPD Day