Bronchiectasis is a chronic condition in which the walls of the bronchial tubes are enlarged and permanently damaged. The thickened and damaged air passage due to inflammation allows mucus & bacteria to develop in the lungs. Eventually, the air passage gets infected & blocked.
People who suffer from bronchiectasis will have periodic episodes of bad health characterised by temporary exacerbations; the period when breathing becomes difficult and lung health deteriorates. The disease is generally not curable. However, it can be treated and controlled so that the oxygen supply to the body is not cut off during an acute attack.
The severity of bronchiectasis in a patient may increase over a few weeks, whereas in some cases, the symptoms may quickly worsen in a matter of few days.