Geriatric care: Geriatric care is the process of planning and coordinating care for elderly people to meet their long term care needs and improve the quality of their lives.
Geriatric population in India: According to population census, there are nearly 104 million elderly people (aged 60 and above) in India where 53 million are females and 51 million are males. About 75% live in rural areas and 73% are illiterate.
Physical and mental health of elderly people
Mental health: Approximately 15% of adults aged sixty and over suffer from a mental disorder. Older adults are vulnerable to elder abuse like physical, verbal, psychological, financial and sexual abuse; abandonment; neglect; and serious losses of dignity and respect. These may lead to depression, psychoses and even suicide.
Physical health: Common illnesses in old age are Arthritis, heart disease, cancer, respiratory diseases, diabetes, influenza and pneumonia. To avoid these, there should be early diagnosis done every 3 months to promote early and optimal management.