Transforming
Respiratory Care At Home

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Care Plan

  • Respiratory diseases

According to a report by the World Health Organisation (WHO), the deaths due to lung diseases in India were on the rise accounting for 11 per cent of the total deaths. As many as 142.09 in every one lakh, died of one form of lung disease or the other giving India the dubious distinction of ranking first in lung disease deaths in the world. Respiratory diseases like asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), Interstitial Lung Disease (ILD), pneumonia, tuberculosis (TB) are emerging as major health problems in the region.

Common respiratory diseases

Interstitial lung disease (ILD) is a term that is usually used to describe a variety of different conditions affecting the lungs. There are over 200 types of known ILD diseases that affect the ‘interstitial’ – a part of the lungs which is made of a lace-like network of tissues. An ILD condition would often lead to scarring or thickening of the tissues supporting the air sacs of the lungs, which reduces the oxygen flow from lungs into the bloodstream of the affected person. The microscopic exchange of gas between air in the lungs and blood gets affected as a result of ILD.

A prolonged scarring or thickening of lung tissues due to ILD can eventually result in irreversible lung stiffness, which would ultimately affect the ability of a person to breathe. Some types of ILD are temporary whereas others can be chronic where full recovery may not be possible.

What causes ILD?

Inhaled irritants

Drug-induced

Infection

Radiation

Rheumatologic or autoimmune diseases

Medications

Occupational exposures

Organic exposures

What are the symptoms?
 

The symptoms usually develop over a period of many months. However, in cases of acute interstitial pneumonitis or interstitial pneumonia, the symptoms may appear in a matter of hours or days. The primary sign of the ILD condition of breathlessness will be experienced by almost all sufferers, which may become worse with time.

Dry cough

Shortness of breath

How is ILD diagnosed?

Usually, the investigation begins by looking at the detailed history of the patient for probable occupational exposures. A patient’s lungs can be subjected to imaging tests to ascertain interstitial lung disease (ILD). If your doctor suspects ILD, he or she may order the following tests:
Chest X-ray
Lung biopsy
Computer tomography (CT)
Pulmonary function testing

How is ILD diagnosed?

Usually, the investigation begins by looking at the detailed history of the patient for probable occupational exposures. A patient’s lungs can be subjected to imaging tests to ascertain interstitial lung disease (ILD). If your doctor suspects ILD, he or she may order following tests:
X-ray
Lung biopsy

Computer tomography (CT)

 

 

Pulmonary function testing

How the disease is treated?

 

  • Since ILD types are many, hence the treatment varies for each type of the condition.
  • Antibiotics are effective for interstitial pneumonia and effective against bacteria that are often responsible for most ILD conditions. Fungal-based pneumonia is treated with antifungal drugs and viral pneumonia usually settle on their own.
  • Inflammation of the lungs due to scarring can be treated with corticosteroids.
  • Some patients may respond well to immunosuppressant treatment.
  • Patients who suffer from extreme breathlessness due to insufficient oxygen in their blood are given oxygen supplement to improve symptoms.
  • Lung transplant is advised for advanced stages of ILD in a patient.
  • Pulmonary rehabilitation may be prescribed to ILD patients as it has been shown to improve the symptoms.

How can Philips Homecare help you?


For patients suffering from ILD, pulmonary rehabilitation offers a comprehensive therapy plan to mitigate the symptoms, improve functions & quality of life through education & exercises. The rehabilitation program is known for its visible impact on ILD patients greatly improving their conditions. The program may include a number of services that are extended to ILD patients and their families in different settings, depending on the specific condition and needs of a patient.

Hear from our patients

Baby Anna
“We started using Philips trilogy machine which helped improve her condition, breathing became more regular and she was more comfortable at night especially with a tracheostomy tube. Ultimately within 8-9 months she got rid of tracheostomy tube also”

Baby Anna
S K Papneja