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Respiratory Care At Home

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Care Plan

  • Respiratory diseases

According to a report by the World Health Organisation (WHO), the deaths due to lung diseases in India were on the rise accounting for 11 per cent of the total deaths. As many as 142.09 in every one lakh, died of one form of lung disease or the other giving India the dubious distinction of ranking first in lung disease deaths in the world. Respiratory diseases like asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), Interstitial Lung Disease (ILD), pneumonia, tuberculosis (TB) are emerging as major health problems in the region.

Common respiratory diseases

Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) is not one single disease but an umbrella term used to describe chronic lung diseases that cause limitation of airflow to the lungs which is not fully reversible.

There are 2 main types of diseases that cause this airflow limitation or obstruction:

1. Lungs with Emphysema

COPD Disease - Lungs with Emphysema
Here the air sacs (alveoli) and small airways (bronchioles) are damaged and lose their elasticity. When you breathe out, air becomes trapped inside the air sacs. This makes it harder for fresh air (containing oxygen) to come in and carbon dioxide to go out. The blood vessels around the air sacs are also damaged, which prevents fresh air with oxygen from reaching the bloodstream and carbon dioxide from going out of the body.

2. Lungs with chronic bronchitis

COPD Disease - Lungs with chronic bronchitis
Chronic bronchitis is excess mucus production that may block your bronchial tubes (airways). The lining of the airways may become irritated or inflamed and the airway muscles may spasm.

What causes COPD?

COPD Causes - Smoking

Smoking

The most common cause of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is cigarette smoking.
COPD Causes - Indoor Pollution

Indoor air pollution


Indoor air pollution from fuels used for cooking and heating in poorly ventilated homes.

COPD Causes - Hazardous Workplace

Hazardous workplace

Work-related dust and chemicals (vapours, irritants and fumes) and other things in the environment such as coal dust and silica.
COPD Causes - Genetics

Genetics

Sometimes, COPD can be caused by a rare inherited disorder called alpha 1-antitrypsin deficiency.

What are the copd sypmtoms?

COPD Symptoms - Coughing

Coughing

COPD Symptoms - Wheezing

Wheezing

COPD Symptoms - Shortness of Breath

Shortness of breath

COPD Symptoms - Chest Tightness

Chest tightness

COPD Symptoms - Mucus Production

Mucus production

How is COPD diagnosed?


If your doctor suspects COPD, he or she may order following tests:
COPD Diagnosis - Breathing Tests
Breathing tests
Exercise tests
COPD Diagnosis - Exercise Tests
COPD Diagnosis - Oxygen Level Measurements
Oxygen level measurements
COPD Diagnosis - Chest X-Ray
Chest x-ray
Blood tests
COPD Diagnosis - Blood Tests
COPD Diagnosis - Mucus Culture
Mucus (phlegm) culture

How is COPD diagnosed?


If your doctor suspects COPD, he or she may order following tests:
Breathing tests
Exercise tests
Oxygen level measurements
Chest x-ray
Blood tests
Mucus (phlegm) culture

How can Philips Home Care help you?


Patients with respiratory disorders may have to visit hospitals regularly and may also need long-term oxygen or ventilation therapy. Backed by a physician-driven care plan Philips Home Care team helps patients manage respiratory disorders in their home environment with better clinical outcomes and improved quality of life.