Transforming
Respiratory Care At Home

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Care Plan

  • Respiratory diseases

According to a report by the World Health Organisation (WHO), the deaths due to lung diseases in India were on the rise accounting for 11 per cent of the total deaths. As many as 142.09 in every one lakh, died of one form of lung disease or the other giving India the dubious distinction of ranking first in lung disease deaths in the world. Respiratory diseases like asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), Interstitial Lung Disease (ILD), pneumonia, tuberculosis (TB) are emerging as major health problems in the region.

Common respiratory diseases

Bronchiectasis is a chronic condition in which the walls of the bronchial tubes are enlarged and permanently damaged. The thickened and damaged air passage due to inflammation allows mucus & bacteria to develop in the lungs. Eventually, the air passage gets infected & blocked.
 

People who suffer from bronchiectasis will have periodic episodes of bad health characterised by temporary exacerbations; the period when breathing becomes difficult and lung health deteriorates. The disease is generally not curable. However, it can be treated and controlled so that the oxygen supply to the body is not cut off during an acute attack.
 

The severity of bronchiectasis in a patient may increase over a few weeks, whereas in some cases, the symptoms may quickly worsen in a matter of few days.

What causes Bronchiectasis?


There are a number of causes for bronchiectasis; however, cystic fibrosis is one of the leading reasons for the disease. The infection in the lungs is the most common characteristic of bronchiectasis that includes infections due to bacteria (such as tuberculosis or staph) and viruses (like flu).

The other causes of bronchiectasis include:

Bronchiectasis Causes - Cystic Fibrosis

Cystic fibrosis
Bronchiectasis Causes - Weak Immune System

Weak immune system
Bronchiectasis Causes - Inhalation of certain objects

Inhalation of certain objects
Bronchiectasis Causes - Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease

Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)
Causes of Bronchiectasis - Gastric Reflux

Gastric reflux
Causes of Bronchiectasis - Severe Lung Infection During Childhood

Severe lung infection during childhood
Causes of Bronchiectasis - Inherited Genetic Conditions

Inherited genetic conditions
Causes of Bronchiectasis - Severe Allergy to Fungus

Severe allergy to fungus

What are the symptoms of Bronchiectasis?

Difficulty in breathing & wheezing

Feeling of tiredness

Inability to
concentrate

Mucus builds up
in the airway

Lungs infection,
Chest pain

Other Symptoms of Bronchiectasis:
 

Chronic coughing  |  Wheezing sounds in the chest while breathing  |  Skin becoming pale and blue 
Thickening of the skin under the nails & toes  |  Coughing up blood  |  Weight loss  |  Bad breath

How is Bronchiectasis diagnosed?

The diagnosis of bronchiectasis begins by listening to lungs for any abnormal sound or signs of airway blockage. The blood sample of the suspected patient is also tested for possible causes. The other tests may include:
Pulmonary function tests
Pulmonary function testing
Purified protein derivative (PPD)
Chest x-ray
Blood tests
Computed Tomography (CT)

How is Bronchiectasis diagnosed?


The diagnosis of bronchiectasis begins by listening to lungs for any abnormal sound or signs of airway blockage. The blood sample of the suspected patient is also tested for possible causes. The other tests may include:
Bronchiectasis Diagnosis - Pulmonary Function Tests
Pulmonary function tests
Sputum tests
Bronchiectasis Diagnosis - Sputum Tests
Bronchiectasis Diagnosis - Purified Protein Derivative
Purified protein derivative (PPD)
Bronchiectasis Diagnosis - Chest X-Ray
Chest x-ray
Blood tests
Bronchiectasis Diagnosis - Blood Tests
Bronchiectasis Diagnosis - Computed Tomography
Computed tomography (CT)