How is Interstitial Lung Disease diagnosed?
The investigation is initiated by taking a detailed history of the patient’s predictable occupational exposure. The patient’s lungs are tested through chest X-ray, lung biopsy, CT scan and pulmonary function to confirm if ILD is present in the body.
What are the symptoms?
The symptoms of ILD diseases usually take many months to develop and gradually define the severity in every patient. However, the patient may face interstitial pneumonia, in which symptoms may include irregular breath and dry cough which must definitely be checked by a medical professional to confirm the seriousness of the disease.
Interstitial Lung Disease treatment
ILD treatment varies according to the severity, intensity and stage of the disease. Mostly antibiotics are used in case of interstitial pneumonia and are proved to be effective against bacteria that are often the cause of an ILD condition. Fungal-based pneumonia is cured using anti-fungal drugs and viral pneumonia usually takes its own time to settle down.
The inflammation of lungs can be treated with corticosteroids, as they bring long-lasting treatment and relief for the patient. Few patients also feel some relief using the immunosuppressant treatment. Other than these, a patient suffering from breathing disorder may be provided with an oxygen supplement to normalise their breathing cycle. Some doctors also advice a lungs transplant which in rare cases is recommended to patients suffering from advanced stages of ILD condition.