1. Tonino PA, De Bruyne B, Pijls NH, et al. Fractional flow reserve versus angiography for guiding percutaneous coronary intervention. N Engl J Med. 2009;360:213–24.
2. Davies JE, et al., Use of the Instantaneous Wave-free Ratio or Fractional Flow Reserve in PCI. N Engl J Med. 2017 May 11;376(19):1824-1834.
3. Gotberg M, et al., iFR-SWEDEHEART Investigators.. Instantaneous Wave-free Ratio versus Fractional Flow Reserve to Guide PCI. N Engl J Med. 2017 May 11;376(19):1813-18233.
4. Patel M. “Cost effectiveness of instantaneous wave-Free Ratio (iFR) compared with fractional flow reserve (FFR) to guide coronary revascularization decision-making.” Late-breaking clinical trial presentation at ACC March 10, 2018.
5. Nijjer S, et al. Pre-Angioplasty Instantaneous Wave-Free Ratio (iFR) Pullback Provides Virtual Intervention and Predicts Hemodynamic Outcomes for Serial Lesions and Diffuse Coronary Artery Disease. JACC: Cardiovasc Interv 2014; 12:1386-1396.
6. Neumann, F-J et al. 2018 ESC/EACTS Guidelines on myocardial revascularization. European Heart Journal (2018).
7. Pijls NH, De Bruyne B, Peels K, et al. Measurement of fractional flow reserve to assess the functional severity of coronary-artery stenosis. N Engl J Med 1996 Jun 27. 334(26): 1703-8.