Did you  

know?

Darker roasts have less caffeine

 

The longer a bean is roasted – and the darker it becomes – the more caffeine evaporates.

The longer a bean is roasted – and the darker it becomes – the more caffeine evaporates.
The longer a bean is roasted – and the darker it becomes – the more caffeine evaporates.
The longer a bean is roasted – and the darker it becomes – the more caffeine evaporates.

Over 50 species

 

Although there are over 50 species of coffee, only 2 – Arabica and Robusta – are used in commercial coffee production. Arabica is the most popular. 70% prefer it to Robusta.

The longer a bean is roasted – and the darker it becomes – the more caffeine evaporates.
The longer a bean is roasted – and the darker it becomes – the more caffeine evaporates.
The longer a bean is roasted – and the darker it becomes – the more caffeine evaporates.
Although there are over 50 species of coffee, only 2 – Arabica and Robusta – are used in commercial coffee production. Arabica is the most popular. 70% prefer it to Robusta.
Although there are over 50 species of coffee, only 2 – Arabica and Robusta – are used in commercial coffee production. Arabica is the most popular. 70% prefer it to Robusta.

Coffee comes from a cherry

 

Coffee beans are actually the seeds inside the cherries of the Coffea plant.

The longer a bean is roasted – and the darker it becomes – the more caffeine evaporates.
The longer a bean is roasted – and the darker it becomes – the more caffeine evaporates.
The longer a bean is roasted – and the darker it becomes – the more caffeine evaporates.

Coffee was discovered by goats

 

According to African legend, a 9th-century Ethiopian goat herder called Kaldi saw his goats ‘dance’ after nibbling on the cherries of a coffee bush.

The longer a bean is roasted – and the darker it becomes – the more caffeine evaporates.
The longer a bean is roasted – and the darker it becomes – the more caffeine evaporates.
The longer a bean is roasted – and the darker it becomes – the more caffeine evaporates.

Coffee can fuel a car

 

Recycled waste coffee grounds can be converted into clean and cheap bio-fuel. It’s not yet a commercial option so don’t start saving your waste coffee grounds just yet!

900 billion cups

 

Approximately how many cups of coffee are consumed annually around the world. That’s 2.5 billion cups per day or 29,000 cups per second!

The longer a bean is roasted – and the darker it becomes – the more caffeine evaporates.
The longer a bean is roasted – and the darker it becomes – the more caffeine evaporates.
The longer a bean is roasted – and the darker it becomes – the more caffeine evaporates.

More flavours than wine

 

Coffee beans have a whopping 800 flavour characteristics that our senses can detect. By comparison, wine ‘only’ has 400. Getting the most notes of flavour from the raw green beans is all down to different roasting techniques. And finding your favourite coffee is a little like sampling wine.

The longer a bean is roasted – and the darker it becomes – the more caffeine evaporates.
The longer a bean is roasted – and the darker it becomes – the more caffeine evaporates.
The longer a bean is roasted – and the darker it becomes – the more caffeine evaporates.

Coffee

Terminology

Arabica
The world’s favourite coffee bean. Grown throughout Central and South America, the east coast of Africa and certain areas of Asia, the Coffea Arabica requires special soil conditions, high altitudes (600-2,000 metres above sea level), and just the right balance of warmth and moisture.
Barista
The term for someone who has been specially trained in making and serving different types of coffee. It comes from the Italian word for ‘bartender’.
Bird-Friendly
A certification that guarantees the coffee has been grown in the shade, under the natural canopy of a tropical rainforest. It protects rainforests from being cleared for sun-grown coffee which, by contrast, supports very few bird species.
Bouguet
The fragrance, aroma, nose and aftertaste of freshly-brewed coffee.
Cherry
The ripe fruit of the coffee tree. Its seeds, when extracted from the fruit, become green coffee beans.
Decaffeinated
Coffee that has had 97% or more of its naturally occurring caffeine removed is classified as decaffeinated. The mild stimulant is extracted from the coffee bean in its green (unroasted) state. And although there are several different methods, they all use water.
Drip Brewing
Drip brewing, also known as filter coffee or pour-over, is a method in which hot water is poured over ground coffee in a filter. The brew then drips – by gravity – through the filter into the pot or cup.
Drying Process
The method used to dry coffee cherries, either by exposure to the sun or in a mechanical dryer. The hard, shrivelled husk is then stripped off the bean by hand or machine.
Extraction
This is how much of the coffee the water draws out during brewing. Optimum extraction depends on a variety of factors such as brew time, temperature and grind size. Under-extracted coffee can taste sour, over-extracted coffee can taste bitter.
Fair Trade
Fair Trade certified coffee is part of a social movement whose goal is to raises incomes and living standards for small farmers worldwide, especially those in developing countries. It also promotes sustainability and helps protect the environment.
Mocha
Mocha is a high-quality bean from the Coffea Arabica plant, native to Yemen. It gets its name from the port city of Mocha, once a thriving exporter of coffee in the 15th to 19th century. It’s not to be confused with chocolate-flavoured coffee, also known as Mocha.
Organic
An organic certification guarantees that the coffee hasn’t been exposed to herbicides, pesticides, insecticides or commercially produced fertilisers.
Pannarello
A steam wand that is used to froth milk.
Peaberry
Normally, each coffee cherry contains two beans. Occasionally, a cherry will form with only one bean. These are called peaberries. Renowned for their fine, strong flavour, they are frequently separated from the rest of the harvest and sold at a higher piece.
Portafilter
A component of an espresso machine with a filter basket for holding the coffee grounds during brewing.
Pulping
The removal of the pulp and outer skin of the coffee cherry to reveal the coffee bean during the wet process – directly after harvesting the coffee cherries.
Rainforest Alliance
An international non-profit organisation that works to conserve biodiversity and ensure sustainable livelihoods. Coffee bearing the seal originates from – or contains ingredients sourced from – Rainforest Alliance Certified farms or forests. This is also know as shade-grown coffee as opposed to sun-grown coffee which involves clearing forests, not therefore supporting wildlife.
Robusta
A species of coffee from the Coffea Canephora plant. Mostly cultivated in the tropical areas of Africa and Southeast Asia, it flourishes at altitudes of around 650 metres and at temperatures of between 24º to 29ºC.
Tamper
A small, pestle-like device used to ‘tamp’ (compact) the coffee grounds in the portafilter of an espresso machine. This ensures hot water is forced through coffee uniformly for optimum extraction.
Turkish Coffee
A brewing method of preparing unfiltered coffee with a strong, flavourful taste. Finely-ground coffee is boiled in a 'cezve' (pot) filled with water, usually with added sugar. It’s then poured into small cups and the grounds allowed to settle before drinking.
Wet Process
The method in which pulping machines separate the seeds from the pulp of the coffee cherries. To aid extraction, the coffee cherries are first soaked in water. The beans are then dried in the sun or in mechanical dryers.